Infectious canine respiratory disease, commonly called canine infectious respiratory disease complex, or CIRDC, is endemic in dogs, meaning it is always present and circulating at various levels. CIRDC has a variety of known causes including canine parainfluenza virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica. There are probably also viruses involved that go undiagnosed. The current increased concern has developed because some respiratory cases lasted longer than expected or were more severe than expected, and the issue got taken up by the media. At this time, there is limited evidence that we should be more concerned than usual. However, there are some precautions that we recommend, in general, to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases, including:
Avoiding contact with sick dogs

  • Limiting contact with dogs of unknown health status
  • If your dog is sick, keeping him/her away from other dogs
  • Making sure your pet is up to date on his/her vaccines, including DA2PP (“distemper”) and Bordetella (“kennel cough”)
  • In high risk patients, consider vaccinating against influenza. High risk patients include those who are regularly exposed to many other dogs, such as at daycare or while boarding, especially if they are senior, brachycephalic, or have any other chronic disease.
  • Contacting us to discuss any abnormal signs in your pet sooner than later, to determine if an exam is needed.

If your pet is showing any signs of respiratory disease, including cough, lethargy, fever, nasal or ocular discharge, we recommend calling and discussing the need for an examination. If you are interested in additional vaccination for your pet we do have the Bordetella vaccine available on a regular basis and we can discuss providing the influenza vaccine for high risk patients, on a limited basis.

Please read the articles linked below, for additional information.