Cystotomies most often are performed to remove stones from the bladder and urethra. Cystectomies are performed to resect tumors of the bladder wall.
The most common urethral surgery is the perineal urethrostomy, which we perform in male cats with urethral obstruction. We also perform scrotal urethrostomies in dogs to treat reoccurring bladder and urethral stones.
A nephrotomy is performed to remove kidney stones or remove a portion of kidney for a biopsy. A nephrectomy is performed to remove a diseased kidney. Stapling devices are very useful for this procedure.
This is a procedure utilized most commonly to treat congenital malformations of the peri-vulvar tissues. In this condition, skin tissue folds over the vulva resulting in reoccurring bladder infections and perivulvar dermatitis. An episioplasty can help relieve this.
Ectopic Ureter Repair
In this condition one or both ureters bypass the bladder and drain directly into the urethra. Repair involves re-implantation of the ureter in the bladder.